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Zionism and the mercies of David in Isaiah 55 and Acts 13

I was told recently in a discussion about Israel that Isaiah 55:3 proves Zionism to be valid and that the politics behind the Evangelical support of Israel is thus called for, since in their view they do not “remember” reading anywhere in the Bible that the sure mercies of David have been canceled or transferred to someone else. Thus, the sure mercies of David belong to Israel, remaining unfulfilled today.

Here is what Isaiah 55:3 says in the MT:

Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

However, in Acts 13:34,  we read that the mercies were always about Jesus, his death and Resurrection, not about Israel:

And that He raised Him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, He has spoken thus: ‘I will give you the sure mercies of David.’

I realize that some Zionist will acknowledge that Paul is talking about Jesus here in Acts, but they will claim that there is a dual fulfillment and that Jesus only fulfilled Isaiah by the resurrection,  but there is another fulfillment to happen with the restoration of Israel as God’s chosen people. However, this is based only on modern Zionist interpretation and not on any historically sound Christian teaching before the invention of Zionism. For example, commentaries before the invention of Zionism, prove that historically there was not held any dual fulfillment of Isaiah 55:3 and Acts 13 and the mercies of David were completely fulfilled by Jesus:

Adam Clarke:

The sure mercies of David – That is, says Kimchi, “The Messiah,” called here David; as it is written, “David my servant shall be a prince over you.”

Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, 1830’s:

I will give you – This quotation is made from Isaiah 55:3. It is quoted from the Septuagint,……The passage here quoted is an address to the people, an assurance to them that the promise made to David would be performed, a solemn declaration that he would make an everlasting covenant with them through the Messiah, the promised descendant of David.

The sure mercies of David – The word “mercies” here refers to the promise made to David; the mercy or favor shown to him by promising to him a successor that should not fail to sit on his throne, 2 Samuel 7:16; Psalm 89:4-5; Psalm 132:11-12. These mercies and promises are called “sure,” as being true or unfailing; they would certainly be accomplished……. God made to David a promise, a certain pledge; he bestowed on him this special mercy, in promising that he should have a successor who should sit forever on his throne. This promise was understood by the Jews, and is often referred to in the New Testament, as relating to the Messiah. Paul here says that that promise is fulfilled.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary, 1871:

Acts 13: 34-37. now no more to return to corruption—that is, to the grave where death reigns; and compare Ro 6:9, “Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more, death hath no more dominion over him.”
I will give you the sure mercies of David—(Isa 55:3). The word rendered “mercies” is peculiar, denoting the sanctity of them, as comprehending the whole riches of the new covenant; while the other word, “sure,” points to the certainty with which they would, through David’s Seed, be at length all substantiated. See on [2006]Joh 1:14. But how do these words prove the resurrection of Christ? “They presuppose it; for since an eternal kingdom was promised to David, the Ruler of this kingdom could not remain under the power of death. But to strengthen the indefinite prediction by one more definite, the apostle adduces Ps 16:10, of which Peter had given the same explanation (see on [2007]Ac 2:27; Ac 2:30, 31), both apostles denying the possibility of its. proper reference to David” [Olshausen].”

Isaiah 55:3:
Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.
3. me … live—by coming to me ye shall live: for “I am the life” (Joh 14:6).
everlasting covenant—(Jer 32:40; 2Sa 23:5).

with you … David—God’s covenant is with the antitypical David, Messiah (Eze 34:23), and so with us by our identification with Him.

sure—answering to “everlasting,” irrevocable, unfailing, to be relied on (Ps 89:2-4, 28, 29, 34-36; Jer 33:20, 21; 2Sa 7:15, 16; 2Co 1:18-20).

mercies of David—the mercies of grace (Isa 63:7; Joh 1:16) which I covenanted to give to David, and especially to Messiah, his antitype. Quoted in Ac 13:34.

This is the fullness of the story in Acts 13:

As it is also written in the second Psalm:

‘You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You.’

34 And that He raised Him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, He has spoken thus:

‘I will give you the sure mercies of David.’

35 Therefore He also says in another Psalm:

‘You will not allow Your Holy One to see corruption.’

36 “For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell asleep, was buried with his fathers, and saw corruption; 37 but He whom God raised up saw no corruption. 38 Therefore let it be known to you, brethren, that through this Man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins; 39 and by Him everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses. 40 Beware therefore, lest what has been spoken in the prophets come upon you:

41‘Behold, you despisers,
Marvel and perish!
For I work a work in your days,
A work which you will by no means believe,
Though one were to declare it to you.’ ”

42 So when the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. 43 Now when the congregation had broken up, many of the Jews and devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.
44 On the next Sabbath almost the whole city came together to hear the word of God. 45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy; and contradicting and blaspheming, they opposed the things spoken by Paul. 46 Then Paul and Barnabas grew bold and said, “It was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you first; but since you reject it, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, behold, we turn to the Gentiles. 47 For so the Lord has commanded us:

‘I have set you as a light to the Gentiles,
That you should be for salvation to the ends of the earth.’

Modern interpretation of Zionist then to stretch the simple and plain meaning of Scripture to fit their false doctrines. However, It is clear the the “mercies of David” were about Jesus and not the Jews.


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